Machu Picchu is an Incan citadel set high in the Andes Mountains in Peru, above the Urubamba River valley. Built in the 15th century and l

abandoned, it’s renowned for its sophisticated dry-stone walls that fuse huge blocks without the use of mortar, intriguing buildings that play on astronomical alignments and panoramic views. Its exact former use remains a mystery. Most archaeologists believe that Machu Picchu was constructed as an estate for the Inca emperor Pachacuti (1438–1472). Often mistakenly referred to as the "Lost City of the Incas", it is the most familiar icon of Inca civilization. A geo-archaeological analysis by Rualdo Menegat of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil) has determined that the Incas built Machu Picchu on a network of tectonic faults intentionally. The fracture predisposed the rocks to break along the planes, which reduced the energy needed to carve them.

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Visit Machu Pichu

Best Time To Visit

The winter (May – September) is the driest season and therefore the best time of year to travel, especially if you're planning to visit Cusco or trek to Machu Picchu. The summer (December – March) is warmer of course, but is also the wettest season, with frequent heavy showers.

Transportation

Machu Pichu is compact, so walking or renting bikes to make use of the great bike lanes is easy. Yet public transport (trams, metros, and buses) also is excellent. Buy a chip card at a ticket vending machine or counter, or ask the driver for a tourist pass (there are one- to seven-day cards starting at $8).

Weather

Temperatures in Machu Picchu in September begin to warm up again. They range between 21˚C/70F during the day and 12˚C/54˚F at night. With much fewer crowds hiking the trails and climbing the mountains,in month of October.

Know Before Visiting

The sun gate (2,720 m / 8,924 ft), also known as Inti Punku (sun gate in Quechua), is a viewpoint of Machu Picchu on one side of the Machu Picchu Mountain. In fact, it goes almost parallel to the path leading up to Machu Picchu Mountain but the good news is that it's not as steep.

Language

Spanish

Currency

U.S. Dollar / Peruvian Currency